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Heredity (Edinb). 2011 Apr;106(4):520-30. doi: 10.1038/hdy.2010.93. Epub 2010 Aug 4.

Analysis of plant diversity with retrotransposon-based molecular markers.

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1
MTT/BI Plant Genomics Laboratory, Institute of Biotechnology, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland.

Abstract

Retrotransposons are both major generators of genetic diversity and tools for detecting the genomic changes associated with their activity because they create large and stable insertions in the genome. After the demonstration that retrotransposons are ubiquitous, active and abundant in plant genomes, various marker systems were developed to exploit polymorphisms in retrotransposon insertion patterns. These have found applications ranging from the mapping of genes responsible for particular traits and the management of backcrossing programs to analysis of population structure and diversity of wild species. This review provides an insight into the spectrum of retrotransposon-based marker systems developed for plant species and evaluates the contributions of retrotransposon markers to the analysis of population diversity in plants.

PMID:
20683483
PMCID:
PMC3183911
DOI:
10.1038/hdy.2010.93
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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