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AACN Adv Crit Care. 2010 Jul-Sep;21(3):247-57. doi: 10.1097/NCI.0b013e3181db53cb.

Reducing catheter-associated urinary tract infection in the critical care unit.

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  • 1Department of Urology and School of Nursing, University of Virginia, UVA 2nd Floor, Room 2570, PO Box 800422, Charlottesville, VA 22908, USA.


Changes in reimbursement policies have focused attention on the use of indwelling catheters in the critical care unit as well as their role in hospital-acquired urinary tract infections. Implementation of an evidence-based prevention program can significantly reduce both the prevalence of indwelling catheterization and the incidence of hospital-acquired catheter-associated urinary tract infection. This article describes the epidemiology and pathophysiology of catheter-associated urinary tract infection, and outlines essential elements of an evidence-based prevention program for the critical care unit.

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