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Nanotechnology. 2010 Aug 27;21(34):345701. doi: 10.1088/0957-4484/21/34/345701. Epub 2010 Aug 4.

High-performance supercapacitors using a nanoporous current collector made from super-aligned carbon nanotubes.

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1
Department of Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

Nanoporous current collectors for supercapacitors have been fabricated by cross-stacking super-aligned carbon nanotube (SACNT) films as a replacement for heavy conventional metallic current collectors. The CNT-film current collectors have good conductivity, extremely low density (27 microg cm(-2)), high specific surface area, excellent flexibility and good electrochemical stability. Nanosized active materials such as NiO, Co(3)O(4) or Mn(2)O(3) nanoparticles can be directly synthesized on the SACNT films by a straightforward one-step, in situ decomposition strategy that is both efficient and environmentally friendly. These composite films can be integrated into a pseudo-capacitor that does not use metallic current collectors, but nevertheless shows very good performance, including high specific capacitance (approximately 500 F g(-1), including the current collector mass), reliable electrochemical stability (<4.5% degradation in 2500 cycles) and a very high rate capability (245 F g(-1) at 155 A g(-1)).

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