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J Cell Biochem. 2010 Dec 1;111(5):1125-37. doi: 10.1002/jcb.22798.

Recycling and LFA-1-dependent trafficking of ICAM-1 to the immunological synapse.

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School of Life Sciences, Cell Dynamics Research Center, Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology, Gwangju 500-712, Republic of Korea.


Little is known about how adhesion molecules on APCs accumulate at immunological synapses. We show here that ICAM-1 on APCs is continuously internalized and rapidly recycled back to the interface after antigen-priming T-cell contact. The internalization rate is high in APCs, including Raji B cells and dendritic cells, but low in endothelial cells. Internalization is significantly reduced by inhibitors of Na(+)/H(+) exchangers (NHEs), suggesting that members of the NHE-family regulate this process. Once internalized, ICAM-1 is co-localized with MHC class II in the polarized recycling compartment. Surprisingly, not only ICAM-1, but also MHC class II, is targeted to the immunological synapse through LFA-1-dependent adhesion. Cytosolic ICAM-1 is highly mobile and forms a tubular structure. Inhibitors of microtubule or actin polymerization can reduce ICAM-1 mobility, and thereby block accumulation at immunological synapses. Membrane ICAM-1 also moves to the T-cell contact zone, presumably through an active, cytoskeleton-dependent mechanism. Collectively, these results demonstrate that ICAM-1 can be transported to the immunological synapse through the recycling compartment. Furthermore, the high-affinity state of LFA-1 on T cells is critical to induce targeted movements of both ICAM-1 and MHC class II to the immunological synapse on APCs.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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