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Neurosurgery. 2010 Sep;67(3 Suppl Operative):ons283-90; discussion ons290. doi: 10.1227/01.NEU.0000382959.43931.EA.

Experimental simplification of the excimer laser-assisted nonocclusive anastomosis (ELANA) technique.

Author information

1
Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, Department of Neurosurgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands. T.vandoormaal@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The excimer laser-assisted nonocclusive anastomosis (ELANA) technique facilitates the construction of an end-to-side anastomosis between a donor vessel and a recipient artery without the need to temporarily occlude the recipient artery.

OBJECTIVE:

To test whether the surgically difficult ELANA technique can be simplified.

METHODS:

In 42 rabbits, with the aorta as the recipient artery and human saphenous veins as donor grafts, we made 30 conventional ELANAs with 8 microsutures, 90 ELANAs with 4 microsutures (ELANA-4s), 40 ELANAs with 2 microsutures (ELANA-2s), and 90 sutureless ELANAs (SELANAs). SELANA involved a new ring design with 2 pins. ELANA-4, ELANA-2, and SELANA were each combined with 3 different sealants (Bioglue, Tachoseal, and Tisseel) and compared regarding application time, complications, and burst pressure.

RESULTS:

The conventional ELANA was constructed in a mean of 14.8 +/- 2.6 minutes. All experimental anastomoses were constructed significantly faster; the ELANA-4 in a mean of 10.9 +/- 1.3 minutes, the ELANA-2 in a mean of 5.4 +/- 1.7 minutes, and the SELANA in a mean of 2.5 +/- 1.8 minutes. All ELANA and ELANA-4 anastomoses were sufficiently strong with a burst pressure > 200 mm Hg, except for 1 insufficiently sealed ELANA-4 anastomosis. ELANA-2 was sufficiently strong only with Bioglue, showing a burst pressure > 280 mm Hg. SELANA was sufficiently strong with Bioglue or TachoSil, showing a burst pressure > 260 mm Hg.

CONCLUSION:

The ELANA technique can be simplified by reducing or even abandoning microsutures. Of the experimental anastomoses tested, we consider the SELANA technique combined with TachoSil of most potential benefit. Long-term survival studies will be performed in animals before we consider using any of these new techniques in patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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