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Neurosurgery. 2010 Sep;67(3 Suppl Operative):ons283-90; discussion ons290. doi: 10.1227/01.NEU.0000382959.43931.EA.

Experimental simplification of the excimer laser-assisted nonocclusive anastomosis (ELANA) technique.

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Rudolf Magnus Institute of Neuroscience, Department of Neurosurgery, University Medical Center Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands.



The excimer laser-assisted nonocclusive anastomosis (ELANA) technique facilitates the construction of an end-to-side anastomosis between a donor vessel and a recipient artery without the need to temporarily occlude the recipient artery.


To test whether the surgically difficult ELANA technique can be simplified.


In 42 rabbits, with the aorta as the recipient artery and human saphenous veins as donor grafts, we made 30 conventional ELANAs with 8 microsutures, 90 ELANAs with 4 microsutures (ELANA-4s), 40 ELANAs with 2 microsutures (ELANA-2s), and 90 sutureless ELANAs (SELANAs). SELANA involved a new ring design with 2 pins. ELANA-4, ELANA-2, and SELANA were each combined with 3 different sealants (Bioglue, Tachoseal, and Tisseel) and compared regarding application time, complications, and burst pressure.


The conventional ELANA was constructed in a mean of 14.8 +/- 2.6 minutes. All experimental anastomoses were constructed significantly faster; the ELANA-4 in a mean of 10.9 +/- 1.3 minutes, the ELANA-2 in a mean of 5.4 +/- 1.7 minutes, and the SELANA in a mean of 2.5 +/- 1.8 minutes. All ELANA and ELANA-4 anastomoses were sufficiently strong with a burst pressure > 200 mm Hg, except for 1 insufficiently sealed ELANA-4 anastomosis. ELANA-2 was sufficiently strong only with Bioglue, showing a burst pressure > 280 mm Hg. SELANA was sufficiently strong with Bioglue or TachoSil, showing a burst pressure > 260 mm Hg.


The ELANA technique can be simplified by reducing or even abandoning microsutures. Of the experimental anastomoses tested, we consider the SELANA technique combined with TachoSil of most potential benefit. Long-term survival studies will be performed in animals before we consider using any of these new techniques in patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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