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Genes Dev. 2010 Aug 1;24(15):1602-7. doi: 10.1101/gad.1940210.

Apoptosis of leukocytes triggered by acute DNA damage promotes lymphoma formation.

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1
Division of Developmental Immunology, Biocenter, Innsbruck Medical University, Innsbruck 6020, Austria.

Abstract

Apoptosis triggered by p53 upon DNA damage secures removal of cells with compromised genomes, and is thought to prevent tumorigenesis. In contrast, we provide evidence that p53-induced apoptosis can actively drive tumor formation. Mice defective in p53-induced apoptosis due to loss of its proapoptotic target gene, puma, resist gamma-irradiation (IR)-induced lymphomagenesis. In wild-type animals, repeated irradiation injury-induced expansion of hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSCs) leads to lymphoma formation. Puma(-/-) HSCs, protected from IR-induced cell death, show reduced compensatory proliferation and replication stress-associated DNA damage, and fail to form thymic lymphomas, demonstrating that the maintenance of stem/progenitor cell homeostasis is critical to prevent IR-induced tumorigenesis.

PMID:
20679395
PMCID:
PMC2912557
DOI:
10.1101/gad.1940210
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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