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J Am Coll Nutr. 2010 Apr;29(2):92-8.

Reduction of postprandial glycemia by the novel viscous polysaccharide PGX, in a dose-dependent manner, independent of food form.

Author information

1
RD, Glycemic Index Laboratories, Inc, 20 Victoria Street, 3rd Floor, Toronto, ON M5C 2N8 Canada. alexandra.jenkins@utoronto.ca

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Health benefits of viscous fiber intake are well established; nevertheless few effective and palatable preparations are available. The objective of the study therefore was to determine palatability and effectiveness of escalating doses of PGX, a novel viscous polysaccharide (NVP), in reducing postprandial glycemia when added to a liquid and a solid meal.

DESIGN:

Two open-label, randomized, controlled trials were undertaken.

SETTING:

Glycemic Index Laboratories, Inc, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

SUBJECTS:

Two groups of 10 healthy subjects each (group 1: 5 M, 5 F; 35.6 +/- 13.2 y; 24.6 +/- 2.1 kg/m(2); and group 2: 3 M, 7 F; 33.5 +/- 11.1 y; 26.3 +/- 5.2 kg/m(2)) were studied.

INTERVENTIONS:

Zero, 2.5, 5, and 7.5 g of NVP were added to a glucose drink (group 1) or to white bread and margarine (WB + Marg) (group 2). Subjects repeated glucose control (group 1) or WB control (group 2) 3 times to allow calculation of the glycemic index (GI). Measures of Outcomes: Palatability of foods and capillary blood glucose concentrations were measured fasting and at 15, 30, 45, 60, 90, and 120 minutes after the start of the meal.

RESULTS:

Addition of NVP to the meal reduced blood glucose incremental areas under the curve irrespective of dose, reaching significance at the 7.5 g dose when added to glucose (p < 0.01), and at the 5 and 7.5 g doses when added to WB + Marg (p < 0.001). The GI values of glucose with 0, 2.5, 5, or 7.5 g of NVP were (mean +/- standard error of the mean [SEM]) 100.0 +/- 0.0, 83.7 +/- 9.0, 77.7 +/- 8.2, and 72.5 +/- 5.9, respectively; the GI of the WB alone, or of WB + Marg, with 0, 2.5, 5, or 7.5 g of NVP was 71.0 +/- 0.0, 66.8 +/- 3.0, 47.5 +/- 5.9, 37.3 +/- 5.9, and 33.9 +/- 3.6, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

Addition of NVP to different food matrices is highly effective in lowering the glycemic index of a food in a dose-responsive manner.

PMID:
20679143
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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