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J Environ Manage. 2010 Dec;91(12):2466-70. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.06.028. Epub 2010 Aug 3.

Feasibility of mercury removal from simulated flue gas by activated chars made from poultry manures.

Author information

1
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, 1100 Robert E. Lee Blvd., New Orleans, LA 70124, USA. thomas.klasson@ars.usda.gov

Abstract

Increased emphasis on reduction of mercury emissions from coal fired electric power plants has resulted in environmental regulations that may in the future require application of activated carbons as mercury sorbents for mercury removal. At the same time, the quantity of poultry manure generated each year is large and technologies that take advantage of the material should be explored. The purpose of the work was to obtain preliminary data to investigate if activated chars made from different poultry manures could adsorb mercury from simulated flue gas. In laboratory experiments, activated chars made from chicken cake and litter removed mercury from the gas as well as a commercial alternative. It was also found that acid-washing these chars after activation may improve pore structure but does not influence the mercury removal efficiency. Activated chars were also made from turkey cake and litter. These raw materials produced activated chars with similar pore structure as those made from chicken manure, but they did not adsorb mercury as well. Acid-washing the turkey manure-based chars improved their performance, but this step would add to the cost of production. Preliminary evaluations suggest that unwashed activated chars may cost as little as $0.95/kg to produce.

PMID:
20678859
DOI:
10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.06.028
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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