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Vaccine. 2010 Nov 10;28(48):7589-605. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2010.07.053. Epub 2010 Aug 1.

Summary of invasive pneumococcal disease burden among children in the Asia-Pacific region.

Author information

1
Division of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Department of Pediatrics, Chang Gung Children's Hospital, 5 Fu-Hsin Street, Kwei-Shan Hsiang, Taoyuan, Taiwan. pidlin@adm.cgmh.org.tw

Abstract

Invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) burden is significant in the Asia-Pacific region. This review describes the epidemiology and Streptococcus pneumoniae (SP) serotype distribution of IPD in children in the Asia-Pacific region from studies published from 1999 to 2010. IPD incidence varies widely in Asia-Pacific countries depending on the method of surveillance, the population studied, and the time period. Incidences are highest for younger children, with rates near 100-200 cases per 100,000 children aged <1 or 2 years. Incidences of preventable disease are estimated to be 6-200 cases per 100,000. Heptavalent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) serotype coverage shows a very wide range over the Asia-Pacific region. Ten countries have high vaccine serotype coverage (>70%), and six countries have low vaccine serotype coverage (<50%). The majority of SP serotypes in children with IPD in most countries in the Asia-Pacific region are susceptible to penicillin (intermediate and resistant <50%); a few countries have SP serotypes with high level resistance to penicillin (intermediate and resistant >50%). Japan, Taiwan, and Thailand have high PCV7 serotype coverage. Countries with low pneumococcal resistance to antimicrobials have shown increasingly higher nonsusceptibility with time. National vaccination programmes that include PCV7, 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV), or 13-valent PCV would significantly affect IPD burden in children aged <5 years in the Asia-Pacific region, as well as the burden of penicillin-nonsusceptible IPD.

PMID:
20674872
DOI:
10.1016/j.vaccine.2010.07.053
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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