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J Plant Physiol. 2011 Jan 1;168(1):51-62. doi: 10.1016/j.jplph.2010.06.014. Epub 2010 Jul 31.

When and how to kill a plant cell: infection strategies of plant pathogenic fungi.

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1
Martin-Luther-University Halle-Wittenberg, Faculty of Natural Sciences III, Institute for Agricultural and Nutritional Sciences, Phytopathology and Plant Protection, Betty-Heimann-Strasse 3, Halle (Saale), Germany.

Abstract

Fungi cause severe diseases on a broad range of crop and ornamental plants, leading to significant economical losses. Plant pathogenic fungi exhibit a huge variability in their mode of infection, differentiation and function of infection structures and nutritional strategy. In this review, advances in understanding mechanisms of biotrophy, necrotrophy and hemibiotrophic lifestyles are described. Special emphasis is given to the biotrophy-necrotrophy switch of hemibiotrophic pathogens, and to biosynthesis, chemical diversity and mode of action of various fungal toxins produced during the infection process.

PMID:
20674079
DOI:
10.1016/j.jplph.2010.06.014
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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