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Am Fam Physician. 2010 Aug 1;82(3):265-74.

Global risk of coronary heart disease: assessment and application.

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1
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599, USA. anthony_viera@med.unc.edu

Abstract

Coronary heart disease is the most common cause of death in the United States. The conventional risk factor approach to primary prevention excludes many patients who could benefit from preventive therapies. A global risk approach allows more accurate estimates of risk to guide clinical primary prevention efforts. Global risk of coronary heart disease is a calculation of the absolute risk of having a coronary heart disease event (e.g., death, myocardial infarction) over a specified period. It is based on an empiric equation that combines major risk factors, such as blood pressure and cholesterol levels. When physicians know a patient's global risk of coronary heart disease, they are more likely to prescribe risk-reducing therapies such as antihypertensives, statins, and aspirin. In addition, patients who know their risk level are more likely to initiate risk-reducing therapies. Many tools are available to estimate global risk, including several Web-based calculators. In the United States, tools based on the Framingham Heart Study are recommended.

Summary for patients in

PMID:
20672791
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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