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J Med Microbiol. 2010 Nov;59(Pt 11):1293-302. doi: 10.1099/jmm.0.020420-0. Epub 2010 Jul 29.

Usefulness of the hsp60 gene for the identification and classification of Gram-negative anaerobic rods.

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Microbe Division/Japan Collection of Microorganisms, RIKEN BioResource Center, Wako, Saitama 351-0198, Japan.


The hsp60 gene sequences were determined for 121 strains of Gram-negative anaerobic rods, including the genera Bacteroides, Barnesiella, Butyricimonas, Odoribacter, Parabacteroides, Paraprevotella, Porphyromonas, Prevotella and Tannerella. The mean pairwise hsp60 gene sequence similarity (73.8-97.1 %) between species in each genus, except for the genus Tannerella that comprises one species, was significantly less than that of the 16S rRNA gene sequence (88.3-96.3 %). Only pairwise hsp60 gene sequence similarity (97.1 %) of the genus Paraprevotella was higher than that of the 16S rRNA gene sequence (93.8 %). Each genus formed a distinct clade in the phylogenetic analysis of the hsp60 gene sequence as well as the 16S rRNA gene sequence. The phylogenetic analysis indicated a higher evolutionary rate for the hsp60 gene sequence than the 16S rRNA gene sequence, especially in the genera Porphyromonas and Prevotella. This study suggests that the hsp60 gene is a useful alternative phylogenetic marker for the identification and classification of a broad range of Gram-negative anaerobic rods.

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