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Cancer Res. 2010 Aug 1;70(15):6193-204. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-08-3719.

The ITK-SYK fusion oncogene induces a T-cell lymphoproliferative disease in mice mimicking human disease.

Author information

1
Hematology/Oncology, University of Freiburg, Freiburg, Germany. christine.dierks@uniklinik-freiburg.de

Abstract

Peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCL) constitute a major treatment problem with high mortality rates due to the minimal effectiveness of conventional chemotherapy. Recent findings identified ITK-SYK as the first recurrent translocation in 17% of unspecified PTCLs and showed the overexpression of SYK in more than 90% of PTCLs. Here, we show that the expression of ITK-SYK in the bone marrow of BALB/c mice causes a T-cell lymphoproliferative disease in all transplanted mice within 8 weeks after transplantation. The disease was characterized by the infiltration of spleen, lymph nodes, bone marrow, and skin with CD3+CD4+CD8- and CD3+CD4-CD8- ITK-SYK-positive T-cells accompanied by a systemic inflammatory reaction with upregulation of interleukin 5 and INF-gamma. ITK-SYK-positive T-cells showed enhanced apoptosis resistance and INF-gamma production in vitro. The disease was serially transplantable, inducing clonal T-cell expansion in secondary recipients. The action of ITK-SYK in vivo was dependent on SYK kinase activity and disease development could be inhibited by the treatment of mice with SYK inhibitors. Interestingly, the translocation of ITK-SYK from the membrane to the cytoplasm, using a point mutation in the pleckstrin homology domain (ITK-SYK R29C), did not abolish, but rather, enhanced disease development in transplanted mice. CBL binding was strongly enhanced in membrane-associated ITK-SYK E42K and was causative for delayed disease development. Our results show that ITK-SYK causes a T-cell lymphoproliferative disease in mice, supporting its role in T-cell lymphoma development in humans. Therefore, pharmacologic inhibition of SYK in patients with U-PTCLs carrying the ITK-SYK fusion protein might be an effective treatment strategy.

PMID:
20670954
DOI:
10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-08-3719
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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