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Vaccine. 2010 Aug 31;28(38):6137-44. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2010.07.041. Epub 2010 Jul 29.

A randomized clinical trial assessing immunogenicity and safety of a double dose of virosomal-adjuvanted influenza vaccine administered to unprimed children aged 6-35 months.

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  • 1Department of Maternal and Pediatric Sciences, Universit√† degli Studi di Milano, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Via Commenda 9, 20122 Milan, Italy.


This study evaluated the immunogenicity of a double dose of the seasonal virosomal-adjuvanted influenza vaccine (Inflexal V, Crucell, The Netherlands) in 65 previously unvaccinated children aged less than 3 years: 43 received double doses (two doses of 0.50 mL 4 weeks apart) and 22 standard doses (two doses of 0.25 mL 4 weeks apart). Both treatments evoked a response that satisfied the EMEA criteria for adequate immunogenicity for all three vaccine strains, but the double dose had a significantly greater effect on all of the studied parameters of humoral and cell-mediated immune response (p<0.05). This result was achieved without any increase in the incidence of local and systemic adverse events. This means that doubling the dose of the virosomal-adjuvanted influenza vaccine (i.e. administering the same dose as that usually given to older children) effectively and safely increases the immune response to inactivated influenza vaccine in unprimed children aged less than 3 years.

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