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J Med Chem. 1991 Jul;34(7):2209-18.

Quinazoline antifolate thymidylate synthase inhibitors: bridge modifications and conformationally restricted analogues in the C2-methyl series.

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ICI Pharmaceuticals, Cheshire, England.


Several C2-methylquinazoline-based antifolates have been prepared in which the C9,N10 bridge has been replaced by the reversed N9,C10 unit. This series was extensively studied by incorporating further substituents at N9 and C10 as well as by modifications to the p-aminobenzoate ring. The C2-methylquinazoline analogues 29, 30, and 31 containing the methyleneoxa, methylenethia, and thia bridge units were also synthesized. In general these isosteric replacements of the bridge unit in the parent C2-methyl-N10-propargylquinazoline antifolate 2 were much less potent as inhibitors of isolated thymidylate synthase (TS) but several were at least as potent as inhibitors of L1210 cell growth in culture. The fusion of the p-aminobenzoate ring into the bicyclic systems 75 and 76 also reduced activity against TS but again gave highly cytotoxic compounds. The cytotoxicities were largely prevented by thymidine, confirming that TS is the major locus.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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