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Blood. 2010 Nov 25;116(22):4665-74. doi: 10.1182/blood-2010-04-278184. Epub 2010 Jul 28.

Endothelium-derived but not platelet-derived protein disulfide isomerase is required for thrombus formation in vivo.

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  • 1Division of Hemostasis and Thrombosis, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.


Protein disulfide isomerase (PDI) catalyzes the oxidation reduction and isomerization of disulfide bonds. We have previously identified an important role for extracellular PDI during thrombus formation in vivo. Here, we show that endothelial cells are a critical cellular source of secreted PDI, important for fibrin generation and platelet accumulation in vivo. Functional PDI is rapidly secreted from human umbilical vein endothelial cells in culture upon activation with thrombin or after laser-induced stimulation. PDI is localized in different cellular compartments in activated and quiescent endothelial cells, and is redistributed to the plasma membrane after cell activation. In vivo studies using intravital microscopy show that PDI appears rapidly after laser-induced vessel wall injury, before the appearance of the platelet thrombus. If platelet thrombus formation is inhibited by the infusion of eptifibatide into the circulation, PDI is detected after vessel wall injury, and fibrin deposition is normal. Treatment of mice with a function blocking anti-PDI antibody completely inhibits fibrin generation in eptifibatide-treated mice. These results indicate that, although both platelets and endothelial cells secrete PDI after laser-induced injury, PDI from endothelial cells is required for fibrin generation in vivo.

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