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Pediatr Transplant. 2010 Nov;14(7):879-86. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-3046.2010.01361.x.

Anthropometric growth and utilization of enteral feeding support in pediatric heart transplant recipients.

Author information

1
Labatt Family Heart Centre, SickKids Transplant Centre, The Hospital for Sick Children, The University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada. louise.bannister@sickkids.ca

Abstract

We sought to outline trends in anthropometric growth before and after cardiac transplantation and to document our experience with the use of EFS in this population. A total of 130 patients (59% male) were enrolled and followed for a median of 4.4 yr after transplantation. Negative changes over time in weight z-score (EST: -0.256 [0.160] z/yr, p = 0.01), height z-score (EST: -0.214 [0.096] z/yr, p = 0.03), and BMI z-score (EST: -0.287 [0.161] z/yr, p = 0.07) were observed prior to transplantation. Significant increases in weight z-score (EST: +0.342 [0.143] z/yr, p < 0.001) and BMI z-score (EST: +0.396 [0.140] z/yr, p = 0.005) were seen in the first 18 months following transplantation. No further increases in height, weight, or BMI z-score were seen beyond this. Forty-two (32%) patients received EFS. Prior to transplantation, it was not found to be associated with change in anthropomorphic growth. Post-transplantation exposure to EFS was associated with a faster increase in weight z-score (EST: +0.480 [0.231] z/yr, p = 0.04) and height z-score over time (EST: +0.366 [0.141] z/yr, p = 0.01). Normalization of weight and height z-scores was not achieved during the study follow-up period. This study suggests that further investigation into the role of EFS is warranted to identify strategies to improve growth in pediatric heart transplant recipients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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