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Pediatr Int. 2011 Apr;53(2):207-10. doi: 10.1111/j.1442-200X.2010.03209.x.

High prevalence of moderately severe vitamin D deficiency in preterm infants.

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Global Health Center, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH 45229, USA.



  The recommended dose of vitamin D supplementation of preterm infants is based on data from populations in which severe vitamin D deficiency is uncommon and may be inadequate for infants in high risk population. However, data on vitamin D status of preterm infants in high-risk populations, such as Middle Eastern countries is scarce.


  This study investigates the vitamin D status of Arab mothers and their preterm infants. Maternal serum and cord blood 25(OH)D, calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P) and alkaline phosphate (ALP) were measured at delivery. Serum 25(OH)D was measured by HPLC while the other biochemical parameters were measured by standard autoanalyzer.


  Thirty-four preterm infants were studied. The mean gestational age was 31.4 weeks and birth weight was 1667g. The median serum 25(OH)D of 17.0nmol/L in 28 mothers and 14.5nmol/L in 34 cord blood samples were low. The median maternal and cord blood Ca, P and ALP levels were within normal range. Fifteen (44%) of the infants had moderately severe vitamin D deficiency (serum 25 (OH)D levels <12.5nmol/L). The median serum 25(OH)D levels of mothers who had reportedly taken prenatal vitamin D supplementation and those who had not were similar (17.3 vs 16.3) nmol/L. The mean serum 25(OH)D levels among preterm infants in this study were low when compared to levels in Caucasians preterm infants on which the current vitamin D recommendations are based.


  The high prevalence of moderately severe vitamin D deficiency in Arab preterm infants provides a justification to investigate vitamin D requirement of preterm infants in this and other high-risk populations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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