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J Hosp Med. 2010 Jul-Aug;5(6):E12-8. doi: 10.1002/jhm.822.

The performance of US hospitals as reflected in risk-standardized 30-day mortality and readmission rates for medicare beneficiaries with pneumonia.

Author information

  • 1Center for Quality of Care Research, Baystate Medical Center, Springfield, Massachusetts 01199, USA. peter.lindenauer@baystatehealth.org

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Pneumonia is a leading cause of hospitalization and death in the elderly, and remains the subject of both local and national quality improvement efforts.

OBJECTIVE:

To describe patterns of hospital and regional performance in the outcomes of elderly patients with pneumonia.

DESIGN:

Cross-sectional study using hospital and outpatient Medicare claims between 2006 and 2009.

SETTING:

A total of 4,813 nonfederal acute care hospitals in the United States and its organized territories.

PATIENTS:

Hospitalized fee-for-service Medicare beneficiaries age 65 years and older who received a principal diagnosis of pneumonia.

INTERVENTION:

None.

MEASUREMENTS:

Hospital and regional level risk-standardized 30-day mortality and readmission rates.

RESULTS:

Of the 1,118,583 patients included in the mortality analysis 129,444 (11.6%) died within 30 days of hospital admission. The median (Q1, Q3) hospital 30-day risk-standardized mortality rate for patients with pneumonia was 11.1% (10.0%, 12.3%), and despite controlling for differences in case mix, ranged from 6.7% to 20.9%. Among the 1,161,817 patients included in the readmission analysis 212,638 (18.3%) were readmitted within 30 days of hospital discharge. The median (Q1, Q3) 30-day risk-standardized readmission rate was 18.2% (17.2%, 19.2%) and ranged from 13.6% to 26.7%. Risk-standardized mortality rates varied across hospital referral regions from a high of 14.9% to a low of 8.7%. Risk-standardized readmission rates varied across hospital referral regions from a high of 22.2% to a low of 15%.

CONCLUSIONS:

Risk-standardized 30-day mortality and, to a lesser extent, readmission rates for patients with pneumonia vary substantially across hospitals and regions and may present opportunities for quality improvement, especially at low performing institutions and areas.

PMID:
20665626
DOI:
10.1002/jhm.822
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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