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Diabetologia. 1991 Feb;34(2):119-25.

ACE-inhibition increases hepatic and extrahepatic sensitivity to insulin in patients with type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus and arterial hypertension.

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1
Istituto di Patologia Speciale Medica e Metodologia Clinica, Università di Perugia, Italy.

Abstract

To assess the effects of ACE-inhibition on insulin action in Type 2 (non-insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus associated with essential hypertension, 12 patients with Type 2 diabetes (on diet and oral hypoglycaemic agents) and arterial hypertension were examined on two occasions, in a single blind, cross-over study after two days of treatment with either captopril or a placebo. The study consisted of a euglycaemic-hyperinsulinaemic clamp (two sequential steps of insulin infusion at the rates of 0.25 mU.kg-1.min-1 and 1 mU.kg-1.min-1, 2 h each step), combined with an infusion of 3-3H-glucose to measure the rate of hepatic glucose production and that of peripheral glucose utilization. The results show that blood pressure was lower after captopril (sitting, systolic 148 +/- 5 mm Hg, diastolic 89 +/- 2 mm Hg) compared to placebo (155 +/- 6 and 94 +/- 2 mm Hg) (p less than 0.05). Captopril treatment resulted in a more suppressed hepatic glucose production (2.7 +/- 0.4 vs 4.94 +/- 0.55 mumol.kg-1.min-1), and a lower plasma non-esterified fatty acid concentration (0.143 +/- 0.05 vs 0.200 +/- 0.05 mmol/l) (captopril vs placebo, p less than 0.05) at the end of the first step of insulin infusion (estimated portal plasma insulin concentration 305 +/- 28 pmol/l); and in a greater glucose utilization (36.5 +/- 5.1 vs 28 +/- 3.6 mumol.kg-1.min-1, p less than 0.001) at the end of the second step of insulin infusion (arterial plasma insulin concentration of 604 +/- 33 pmol/l).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
2065846
DOI:
10.1007/bf00500383
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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