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J Power Sources. 2010 Oct 1;195(19):6839-6846.

Electrochemical Reduction of Silver Vanadium Phosphorous Oxide, Ag(2)VO(2)PO(4): Silver Metal Deposition and Associated Increase in Electrical Conductivity.

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Department of Electrical Engineering, University at Buffalo (SUNY), Buffalo, NY 14260.


This report details the chemical and associated electrical resistance changes of silver vanadium phosphorous oxide (Ag(2)VO(2)PO(4), SVPO) incurred during electrochemical reduction in a lithium based electrochemical cell over the range of 0 to 4 electrons per formula unit. Specifically the cathode electrical conductivities and associated cell DC resistance and cell AC impedance values vary with the level of reduction, due the changes of the SVPO cathode. Initially, Ag(+) is reduced to Ag(0) (2 electrons per formula unit, or 50% of the calculated theoretical value of 4 electrons per formula unit), accompanied by significant decreases in the cathode electrical resistance, consistent with the formation of an electrically conductive silver metal matrix within the SVPO cathode. As Ag(+) reduction progresses, V(5+) reduction initiates; once the SVPO reduction process progresses to where the reduction of V(5+) to V(4+) is the dominant process, both the cell and cathode electrical resistances then begin to increase. If the discharge then continues to where the dominant cathode reduction process is the reduction of V(4+) to V(3+), the cathode and cell electrical resistances then begin to decrease. The complex cathode electrical resistance pattern exhibited during full cell discharge is an important subject of this study.

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