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Clin Biochem. 2010 Oct;43(15):1189-94. doi: 10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2010.07.010. Epub 2010 Jul 23.

The angiotensin converting enzyme D allele is an independent risk factor for early onset coronary artery disease.

Author information

1
Fertility and Infertility Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran. asadvaisiraygani@kums.ac.ir

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The role of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) gene insertion/deletion (I/D) polymorphism in early onset coronary artery disease age < 55years (ECAD) is controversial. The aim of this study was to further evaluate the role of this ACE(I/D) gene polymorphism on the risk of premature CAD in patients from western Iran.

METHODS:

The ACE(I/D) genotypes were detected by PCR-RFLP in 323 individuals undergoing their first coronary angiography. Patients were placed into two groups: ECAD and late onset CAD age ≥ 55years (LCAD).

RESULTS:

We found a statistically significant association of the ACE D allele, as homozygous or ACE ID plus DD genotypes (ID+DD), only in the ECAD subjects OR=1.35, p=0.015, OR=3.27, p=0.014, and OR=2.8, p=0.013, respectively. In addition, there was a significant association after adjustment for the absence of history of diabetes, presence of normolipidemia and absence of history of blood pressure [OR 1.38, p=0.017 and 2.35, p=0.02]. Our results indicated that the ACE D allele is a risk factor for early onset of CAD even after correcting for conventional risk factors. The incidence of triple vessel disease was significantly higher in individuals carrying ACE(D/D) genotype in ECAD patients compared to those who carried ACE(I/I) genotype (OR 3.38; p=0.019; 57.5% vs. 42.5%; p=0.013).

CONCLUSION:

The presence of D allele of ACE can be important independent risk factor in the onset of CAD patients less than 55 years old in a west population of Iran. Larger collaborative studies are needed to confirm these results.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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