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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2010 Sep 3;399(4):480-6. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2010.07.072. Epub 2010 Jul 22.

Adipose-specific deletion of stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 up-regulates the glucose transporter GLUT1 in adipose tissue.

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School of Life Science, Handong Global University, Pohang, Kyungbuk 791-708, Republic of Korea.


Stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD1) deficiency protects mice from diet-induced obesity and insulin resistance. To understand the tissue-specific role of SCD1 in energy homeostasis, we have generated mice with an adipose-specific knockout of Scd1 (AKO), and report here that SCD1 deficiency increases GLUT1 expression in adipose tissue of AKO mice, but not global SCD1 knockout (GKO) mice. In 3T3-L1 adipocytes treated with an SCD inhibitor, basal glucose uptake and the cellular expression of GLUT1 were significantly increased while GLUT4 expression remained unchanged. Consistently, adipose-specific SCD1 knockout (AKO) mice had significantly elevated GLUT1 expression, but not GLUT4, in white adipose tissue compared to Lox counterparts. Concurrently, adiponectin expression was significantly diminished, whereas TNF-alpha expression was elevated. In contrast, in adipose tissue of GKO mice, GLUT4 and adiponectin expression were significantly elevated with lowered TNF-alpha expression and little change in GLUT1 expression, suggesting a differential responsiveness of adipose tissue to global- or adipose-specific SCD1 deletion. Taken together, these results indicate that adipose-specific deletion of SCD1 induces GLUT1 up-regulation in adipose tissue, associated with decreased adiponectin and increased TNF-alpha production, and suggest that GLUT1 may play a critical role in controlling glucose homeostasis of adipose tissue in adipose-specific SCD1-deficient conditions.

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