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Zhonghua Bing Li Xue Za Zhi. 2010 Apr;39(4):245-8.

[Angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma: report of 5 cases with review of literature].

[Article in Chinese]

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Department of Pathology, Institute of Cancer Research, Cancer Hospital, Fudan University; Department of Oncology, Shanghai Medical College, Shanghai 200032, China.



To study the clinicopathologic features, immunophenotype and differential diagnosis of angiomatoid fibrous histiocytoma (AFH).


The clinicopathologic features of 5 cases of AFH were analyzed. Immunohistochemical study was carried out and the literature was reviewed.


There were a total of 3 males and 2 females. The average age of patients was 21.4 years old. The average duration of symptoms was 13 months. The patients primarily presented with a slowly enlarging painless deep dermal or subcutaneous mass. The mass was located in the head and neck region in 3 cases, elbow in 1 case and foot in 1 case. The patients underwent complete resection of the tumor, with no adjuvant chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy given. During a period of follow up for 10 to 29 months, all of them had no recurrence or distant metastasis. Gross examination showed that the tumor was well-circumscribed and had a grey-colored cut surface, with focal hemorrhagic cystic changes. The average tumor dimension was 1.9 cm. Histologically, the tumor was composed of histiocytoid or spindly cells arranged in nodular pattern. Fibrillary neuropil-type intercellular material was identified in all cases and a fibrous pseudocapsule surrounded by lymphocytes and plasma cells was demonstrated in 3 cases. Immunohistochemical study showed that all of them were positive for vimentin and negative for S-100 protein, pan-cytokeratin, CD34 and CD31. Three of the cases expressed desmin and CD68. Two cases were epithelial membrane antigen and CD99-positive.


AFH is a rare tumor of intermediate malignant potential. Definitive diagnosis requires thorough histologic examination and clinical correlation. Immunohistochemistry is also helpful for diagnosis and differential diagnosis. Wide local excision with post-operative follow up is the main modality of treatment.

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