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J Clin Periodontol. 2010 Feb;37(2):137-44. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2009.01501.x.

Association between interleukin-6 polymorphisms and periodontitis in Indian non-smokers.

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Periodontology Unit, Eastman Dental Hospital, University College London (UCL), London, UK.



Genetic polymorphisms (SNPs) in the interleukin-6 (IL-6) gene have been associated with the presence of periodontitis. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between five SNPs in the IL-6 promoter region and the periodontal status of a rural Indian population.


Two hundred and fifty-one systemically healthy volunteers were clinically assessed by a single calibrated examiner and divided into: healthy individuals and periodontitis patients based on the European Workshop on Periodontitis definitions and on a recently suggested definition, which takes into account age and clinical attachment levels. Their genomic DNA was analysed blindly using real-time polymerase chain reaction to study IL-6 variants. The association between genetic factors and the presence of periodontitis was assessed by logistic regression.


The IL-6-174 GG genotype was associated with periodontitis in non-smokers and older subjects (>45 years old). No statistically significant associations were detected between IL-6 haplotypes and periodontal status, after adjusting for confounders.


The IL-6-174 polymorphism showed some evidence of an association with the periodontal status in non-smokers and older subjects in this rural Indian population. This association might be mediated by the effect of IL-6 on inflammatory responses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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