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Heart Rhythm. 2010 Nov;7(11):1589-97. doi: 10.1016/j.hrthm.2010.07.019. Epub 2010 Jul 19.

Electrophysiology-guided defibrillator implantation early after ST-elevation myocardial infarction.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Westmead Hospital, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Sudden death risk is highest early after myocardial infarction (MI). Inducible ventricular tachycardia (VT) confers increased risk of spontaneous ventricular arrhythmias.

OBJECTIVE:

The purpose of this study was to evaluate outcomes of electrophysiology (EP)-guided defibrillator implantation early after ST-elevation MI in patients with ejection fraction ≤40%.

METHODS:

EP study was performed 9 days after MI (n = 360). Predischarge defibrillator was recommended if VT with cycle length ≥200 ms was induced with ≤4 extrastimuli (EP-positive [EP(pos)], n = 142). EP-negative (EP(neg)) patients were discharged without a defibrillator (n = 218). Primary endpoint was either sudden death or spontaneous ventricular arrhythmia.

RESULTS:

Defibrillator was implanted in 71% of EP(pos) patients (median 21 days post-MI) and withheld in 94% of EP(neg) patients. At 2 years, primary endpoint was 4.3% in the EP(neg) group and 22% in the EP(pos) group (adjusted hazard ratio 0.46, P = .035, EP(neg) vs EP(pos)). Lack of a defibrillator in EP(pos) patients conferred a fourfold increased risk of sudden death (P = .014). EP(neg) patients without a defibrillator were at significantly lower risk for the primary endpoint than were EP(pos) patients without a defibrillator (adjusted HR 0.34, P = .011). Short inducible VT cycle length (200-230 ms) and use of the fourth extrastimulus identified patients at significant arrhythmic risk.

CONCLUSION:

EP study performed early after MI identified patients at significant long-term arrhythmic risk at a critical time after MI in whom defibrillator implantation was protective. A large majority of patients (EP(neg); two thirds) were at significantly lower risk of arrhythmic events without a defibrillator in the long term.

PMID:
20650333
DOI:
10.1016/j.hrthm.2010.07.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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