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Diabetes Obes Metab. 2010 Sep;12(9):752-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1463-1326.2010.01229.x.

Fenofibrate concomitantly decreases serum proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 and very-low-density lipoprotein particle concentrations in statin-treated type 2 diabetic patients.

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1
Metabolic Research Centre, University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.

Abstract

AIM:

Diabetic dyslipidaemia, characterized by hypertriglyceridaemia as a result of elevated serum very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) concentrations, contributes to the increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) may play a role in regulating VLDL metabolism. We investigated the effect of fenofibrate on serum PCSK9 and VLDL particle concentrations in T2DM patients already receiving statin therapy.

METHODS:

In a double-blind randomized crossover study, 15 statin-treated T2DM patients (63 +/- 8 years, body mass index (BMI) 29 +/- 3 kg/m(2)) were treated with fenofibrate (145 mg/day) or matching placebo for 12 weeks. Serum PCSK9 concentrations were measured by immunoassay. VLDL particle concentration and size were determined by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

RESULTS:

Fenofibrate decreased serum triglycerides (-23%), VLDL-triglycerides (-51%), total cholesterol (-11%), LDL-cholesterol (-16%), apolipoprotein B-100 (-16%), apolipoprotein C-III (-20%) and PCSK9 (-13%) concentrations compared with placebo (p < 0.05). Fenofibrate also decreased serum concentrations of large (-45%), medium (-66%) and small VLDL (-67%) particles (p < 0.05), without altering VLDL particle size. Serum PCSK9 reduction correlated with decreases in total (r = 0.526, p = 0.044) and small (r = 0.629, p = 0.021) VLDL particle concentrations.

CONCLUSIONS:

Fenofibrate concomitantly decreased serum PCSK9 and VLDL particle concentrations in statin-treated T2DM patients. These findings support a mechanistic link between PCSK9 and VLDL metabolism, possibly through an effect of PSK9 on VLDL receptor degradation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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