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Appl Opt. 2010 Jul 10;49(20):3860-3. doi: 10.1364/AO.49.003860.

Limitations imposed by specimen phase gradients on the design of grating based x-ray phase contrast imaging systems.

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Department of Medical Physics and Bioengineering, University College London, Malet Place, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT, UK.


X-ray phase contrast imaging is a very promising technique that may lead to significant advancements in a variety of fields, perhaps most notably, medical imaging. The radiation physics group at University College London is currently developing an x-ray phase contrast imaging technique that works with laboratory x-ray sources. This system essentially measures the degree to which photons are refracted by regions of an imaged object. The amount of refraction that may be expected to be encountered in practice impacts strongly upon the design of the imaging system. In this paper, we derive an approximate expression between the properties of archetypal imaged objects encountered in practice and the resulting distribution of refracted photons. This is used to derive constraints governing the design of the system.

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