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Nanoscale. 2009 Oct;1(1):133-7. doi: 10.1039/b9nr00033j. Epub 2009 Aug 13.

A simple, optically induced electrokinetic method to concentrate and pattern nanoparticles.

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Purdue University, Birck Nanotechnology Center, 1205 W State Street, West Lafayette, Indiana 47907, USA.


We demonstrate an optically induced electrokinetic technique that continuously concentrates nanoparticles on the surface of a parallel plate electrode that is biased with an AC signal. A highly focused beam of near-infrared light (1064 nm) was applied, inducing an electrothermal microfluidic vortex that carried nanoparticles to its center where they were accumulated. This technique was demonstrated with 49 nm and 100 nm fluorescent polystyrene particles and characterized as a function of applied AC frequency and voltage. With this technique the location and shape of colloidal concentration was reconfigured by controlling the optical landscape, yielding dynamic control of the aggregation. Colloidal concentration was demonstrated with a plain parallel plate electrode configuration without the need of photoconductive materials or complex microfabrication procedures.

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