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Nanoscale. 2010 Jun;2(6):931-5. doi: 10.1039/b9nr00434c. Epub 2010 Feb 5.

Lasing in self-assembled microcavities of CdSe/CdS core/shell colloidal quantum rods.

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1
National Laboratory for ultrafast and ultraintense optical Science INFM-CNR, Dipartimento di Fisica Politecnico di Milano, piazza L. Da Vinci 32, 20133 Milano, Italy. margherita.zavelani@fisi.polimi.it

Abstract

Colloidal semiconductor quantum rods have demonstrated many advantageous properties as light emitters such as high quantum yield, tunable emission wavelength, and polarized emission. This makes them an interesting optical gain material for laser applications. We report room-temperature gain lifetimes in core/shell CdSe/CdS quantum rods exceeding 300 ps, and show that the long gain lifetimes result from the significant reduction of Auger recombination in our quantum rods, even though the electrons are delocalized over the rod volume. We also fabricate devices by deposition of small droplets of quantum rod solution onto flat substrates. The evaporation dynamics of the droplets are governed by the coffee stain effect which leads to the formation of well defined micron-size stripes. These stripes consist of densely packed, laterally aligned quantum rods and provide optical feedback originating from the abrupt changes of refractive index at the stripe borders. We exploit the optical gain and the coffee stain mediated self-assembly and show that we can fabricate novel microlasers solely by deposition of droplets of quantum rod solutions on flat substrates.

PMID:
20644775
DOI:
10.1039/b9nr00434c
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