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Leung K1.


Molecular Imaging and Contrast Agent Database (MICAD) [Internet]. Bethesda (MD): National Center for Biotechnology Information (US); 2004-2013.
2008 Dec 05 [updated 2009 Jan 16].

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National Center for Biotechnology Information, NLM, NIH, Email:


The amphibian bombesin (BBN or BN, a peptide of 14 amino acids) is an analog of human gastrin-releasing peptide (GRP, a peptide of 27 amino acids) that binds to GRP receptors (GRPR) with high affinity and specificity (1, 2). Both GRP and BBN share an amidated C-terminus sequence homology of seven amino acids, Trp-Ala-Val-Gly-His-Leu-Met-NH2. BBN-Like peptides have been shown to induce various biological responses in diverse tissues, including the central nervous system (CNS) and the gastrointestinal (GI) system. They also act as potential growth factors for both normal and neoplastic tissues (3). Specific BBN receptors (BBN-R) have been identified on CNS and GI tissues and on a number of tumor cell lines (4). The BBN-R superfamily includes at least four different subtypes, namely neuromedin B (NMB or BB1), the GRPR subtype (BB2), the BB3 subtype, and the BB4 subtype. The findings of GRPR overexpression in various human tumors, such as breast, prostate, lung, colon, ovarian, and pancreatic cancers, provide opportunities for tumor imaging by designing specific molecular imaging agents to target the GRPR (5, 6). Faintuch et al. (7) used 99mTc-nitrido(diphosphine) for labeling Cys-β-Ala-Gln-Trp-Ala-Val-Gly-His-Leu-Met-NH2 (Cys-BBN). 99mTc≡Nitrido(diphosphine)-Cys-BBN (99mTcN(PNP6)-Cys-BBN) is being evaluated as a single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging agent of GRPR in nude mice bearing PC-3 human prostate cancer cells.

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