Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Fertil Steril. 2011 Jan;95(1):272-6. doi: 10.1016/j.fertnstert.2010.06.033. Epub 2010 Jul 17.

Outpatient hysteroscopy: a routine investigation before assisted reproductive techniques?

Author information

1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the importance of subjecting the patient to an outpatient (office) hysteroscopy (OH) before assisted reproductive techniques (ART) and patient compliance, possible side effects, and complications of the procedure.

DESIGN:

Comparative observational cross-sectional study.

SETTING:

University hospital.

PATIENT(S):

One hundred fifty-two patients attending the outpatient infertility clinic for pre-ART (IVF/intracytoplasmic sperm injection [ICSI]-ET) investigations, with normal uterine findings on hysterosalpingography (HSG).

INTERVENTION(S):

Transvaginal sonography (TVS) and OH (using a rigid, 30-degree, 4-mm hysteroscope) by the vaginoscopic "no touch" technique.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Diagnostic value and compliance of OH.

RESULT(S):

The procedure was successful in 145 patients (95.4%); 51 of them (35.2%) had previous ART failures. Abnormal hysteroscopic findings were observed in 48 women (33.1%), in which endometrial polyp, submucous myoma, and intrauterine adhesions were the most common findings. The TVS was specific (100%) but not sensitive (41.7%) compared with OH. Abnormal hysteroscopic findings were significantly higher in patients with previous ART failure(s). The procedure was acceptable in almost all patients with no reported complications.

CONCLUSION(S):

The OH should be part of the infertility workup before ART even in patients with normal HSG and/or TVS. This is especially relevant in cases with prior failed ART cycles.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center