Send to

Choose Destination
Methods. 2010 Dec;52(4):367-74. doi: 10.1016/j.ymeth.2010.07.003. Epub 2010 Jul 14.

Fluorescent in situ hybridization technique for cell type identification and characterization in the central nervous system.

Author information

Division of Brain Biology, National Institute for Basic Biology, 38 Nishigonaka Myodaiji, Okazaki, Japan.


Central nervous system consists of a myriad of cell types. In particular, many subtypes of neuronal cells, which are interconnected with each other, form the basis of functional circuits. With the advent of genomic era, there have been systematic efforts to map gene expression profiles by in situ hybridization (ISH) and enhancer-trapping strategy. To make full use of such information, it is important to correlate "cell types" to gene expression. Toward this end, we have developed highly sensitive method of fluorescent dual-probe ISH, which is essential to distinguish two cell types expressing distinct marker genes. Importantly, we were able to combine ISH with retrograde tracing and antibody staining including BrdU staining that enables birthdating. These techniques should prove useful in identifying and characterizing the cell types of the neural tissues. In this article, we describe the methodology of these techniques, taking examples from our analyses of the mammalian cerebral cortex.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center