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J Alzheimers Dis. 2010;21(3):853-65. doi: 10.3233/JAD-2010-091597.

Polyunsaturated fatty acids and reduced odds of MCI: the Mayo Clinic Study of Aging.

Author information

1
Division of Epidemiology, Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN 55905, USA. roberts.rosebud@mayo.edu

Abstract

Mono- and polyunsaturated fatty acids (MUFA, PUFA) have been associated with a reduced risk of dementia. The association of these fatty acids with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is not fully established. The objective of the study was to investigate the cross-sectional association of dietary fatty acids with MCI in a population-based sample. Participants aged >or= 70 years on October 1, 2004, were evaluated using the Clinical Dementia Rating Scale (participant and informant), a neurological evaluation, and neuropsychological testing. A panel of nurses, physicians, and neuropsychologists reviewed the data for each participant in order to establish a diagnosis of MCI, normal cognition, or dementia by consensus. Participants also completed a 128-item food-frequency questionnaire. Among 1,233 non-demented subjects, 163 (13.2%) had MCI. The odds ratio (OR) of MCI decreased with increasing PUFA and MUFA intake. Compared to the lowest tertile, the OR (95% confidence interval) for the upper tertiles were 0.44 (0.29-0.66; p for trend = 0.0004) for total PUFA; 0.44 (0.30-0.67; p for trend = 0.0004) for omega-6 fatty acids; 0.62 (0.42-0.91; p for trend = 0.012) for omega-3 fatty acids; and 0.56 (0.38-0.83; p for trend = 0.01) for (MUFA+PUFA):saturated fatty acid ratio after adjustment for age, sex, number of years of education, and caloric intake. In this study, higher intake of PUFA and MUFA was associated with a reduced likelihood of MCI among elderly persons in the population-based setting.

PMID:
20634591
PMCID:
PMC2940991
DOI:
10.3233/JAD-2010-091597
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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