Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Fish Shellfish Immunol. 2010 Nov;29(5):705-15. doi: 10.1016/j.fsi.2010.06.016. Epub 2010 Jul 13.

Sequence and expression analysis of two T helper master transcription factors, T-bet and GATA3, in rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss and analysis of their expression during bacterial and parasitic infection.

Author information

  • 1Scottish Fish Immunology Research Centre, Institute of Biological and Environmental Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Aberdeen AB24 2TZ, UK.


The polarization of naïve CD4+ T cells to T helper (Th)1 or Th2 cells is specified by two master transcription factors, T-bet and GATA3, and is an essential feature of mammalian adaptive immune responses to pathogens and the development of long-lasting immunity. We report here the cloning of rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss T-bet and GATA3, to allow the future evaluation of the existence of Th1 and Th2 cells in salmonid fish. The trout T-bet translation shares high amino acid identities to other fish T-bet molecules (71-72%) but low identities to mammalian T-bet genes (41-42%), although the middle T-box DNA binding domain is highly conserved among all the T-bet proteins from fish and mammals. The trout GATA3 has high amino acid sequence identities (73-88%) to all known vertebrate molecules, with two highly conserved zinc finger motifs. The identity of the trout T-bet and GATA3 molecules was confirmed by phylogenetic tree analysis. A comparable expression level of T-bet and GATA3 was seen in the spleen, head kidney and muscle in healthy trout, but a higher expression level of GATA3 was seen in the gills, brain, skin and intestine relative to that of T-bet. T-bet and GATA3 expression was modulated by different stimulants. The T cell stimulant PHA up-regulated the expression of both T-bet and GATA3 in splenocytes, suggesting that they may be mainly expressed by activated T cells. The expression of T-bet and GATA3 in the spleen was increased by acute stress, but their expression was inhibited by bacterial (Yersinia ruckeri) infection. In a parasitic infection model, Tetracapsuloides bryosalmonae infection induced a biased gene expression profile where a large increase in the expression of T-bet, IFN-gamma and IL-2 was seen, suggesting that a Th1-like response is likely induced by this disease. A better understanding of pathogen modulated expression of T-bet and GATA3, and the potential underlying host immune responses elicited as a consequence of their expression, may allow novel future control measures against disease in fish to be developed.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center