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Onkologie. 2010;33(7):353-8. doi: 10.1159/000315380. Epub 2010 Jun 22.

Amphiregulin and epiregulin expression in colorectal carcinoma and the correlation with clinicopathological characteristics.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Oncology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210029, Jiangsu Province, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Amphiregulin (AREG) and epiregulin (EREG) have been found to play pivotal roles in several malignancies. However, the correlation between their expression and clinicopathological factors in colorectal carcinoma (CRC) is yet to be further investigated. To clarify the clinical significance of AREG and EREG expression in CRC, we detected serum and tissue levels of AREG and EREG.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

We detected serum AREG and EREG levels by ELISA, and tissue levels by immunohistochemical test in 73 patients with CRC. The correlation between each independent clinicopathological characteristic and AREG and EREG levels was examined.

RESULTS:

There was significant correlation between serum AREG level and vascular invasion. There was no correlation between EREG serum level and any clinicopathological characteristics. Among the 73 primary lesions, 51 were AREG-positive, and 48 were EREG-positive. AREG-positive status was significantly correlated with depth of tumor invasion, distant metastases, and nerve invasion. EREG-positive status was significantly correlated with depth of tumor invasion and distant metastases. Coexpression analysis showed that 46 patients were both AREG-positive and EREG-positive.

CONCLUSIONS:

High serum and tissue levels of AREG and high tissue level of EREG are predictors of a poor prognosis in patients with CRC.

PMID:
20631481
DOI:
10.1159/000315380
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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