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JACC Cardiovasc Interv. 2010 Jun;3(6):612-23. doi: 10.1016/j.jcin.2010.04.004.

Validation of SYNTAX (Synergy between PCI with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) score for prediction of outcomes after unprotected left main coronary revascularization.

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1
Department of Cardiology, Center for Medical Research and Information, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

This study aimed to validate the SYNTAX (Synergy between PCI with Taxus and Cardiac Surgery) score representing angiographic complexity after unprotected left main coronary artery (ULMCA) revascularization.

BACKGROUND:

The validity of the SYNTAX score has been adequately evaluated.

METHODS:

The SYNTAX scores were calculated for 1,580 patients in a large multicenter registry who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (n = 819) or coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) (n = 761) for ULMCA stenosis. The outcomes of interests were 3-year incidences of major adverse vascular events (MAVE), including death, Q-wave myocardial infarction, and stroke and major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events (MACCE), including MAVE and target vessel revascularization of ULMCA.

RESULTS:

The incidence of 3-year MAVE was 6.2% in the lowest (< or =23), 7.1% in the intermediate (23 to approximately 36), and 17.4% in the highest (>36) SYNTAX score tertile groups after PCI (p = 0.010). However, the incidences of MAVE in the CABG group and MACCE in the PCI and CABG groups did not differ among the SYNTAX tertiles. In subgroups, the MAVE (p = 0.005) and MACCE (p = 0.007) rates according to the SYNTAX score tertiles were significantly different in patients receiving drug-eluting stent, not in those receiving bare-metal stent. When compared with the clinical EuroSCORE (European System for Cardiac Operative Risk Evaluation), the C-indexes of SYNTAX score and EuroSCORE were 0.59 and 0.67, respectively, for discrimination of MAVE and 0.53 and 0.57, respectively, for MACCE.

CONCLUSIONS:

The angiographic SYNTAX score seems to play a partial role in predicting long-term adverse events after PCI for ULMCA stenosis. A complementary consideration of patient's clinical risk might improve the predictive ability of risk score.

Comment in

PMID:
20630454
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcin.2010.04.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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