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J Endod. 2010 Jul;36(7):1139-44. doi: 10.1016/j.joen.2010.03.002. Epub 2010 Apr 10.

Expression of multiple stem cell markers in dental pulp cells cultured in serum-free media.

Author information

1
Department of Oral Health, Nippon Dental University, School of Life Dentistry at Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Stem cell lines are usually grown in medium containing animal products. Fetal bovine serum (FBS) is an important additive for cell growth; however, the allergenic potential and the possibility of contamination when we use a medium containing serum would be a barrier to transplantation and consequently to the introduction of cell therapy methods into clinical applications.

METHODS:

Dental mesenchymal cells were isolated and expanded in vitro and maintained in 4 different serum-free media (SFMs): SFM#1 (ITS-X, embryotrophic factor [ETF]); SFM#2 (ITS-X); SFM#3 (ETF); and SFM#4 (ETF, sodium pyruvate, ascorbic acid, fibroblast growth factor [FGF-a], acidic). Viability, proliferative, and immunocytochemical tests for the cells were performed by using 4 stem cell markers (CD44H, CK19, nestin, and P63) for ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm.

RESULTS:

Viability tests showed a significant difference between the control and SFMs in both deciduous tooth pulp cells (DTPCs) and wisdom tooth pulp cells (WTPCs). However, all SFMs demonstrated 84%-90% viability, whereas the control showed 90%-93%. In both DTPCs and WTPCs, SFM#1 had the highest proliferation rate among the 4 SFMs. Immunocytochemistry stained positive stem cell markers most intensely in cells cultured with SFM#1. Furthermore, all stem cell markers for ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm were expressed in the cells cultured with SFM#1.

CONCLUSIONS:

SFM#1 showed an acceptable survival rate, the highest proliferation rate, and the strongest expression of all the stem cell markers. SFM#1 proved to be a suitable medium for the culture of human dental pulp stem cells and to preserve pluripotency in differentiation.

PMID:
20630286
DOI:
10.1016/j.joen.2010.03.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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