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Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol. 2011 Feb;268(2):247-53. doi: 10.1007/s00405-010-1330-z. Epub 2010 Jul 14.

Molecular mechanisms of glucocorticoids action: implications for treatment of rhinosinusitis and nasal polyposis.

Author information

1
Clinical Department of Internal Diseases, Dermatology and Allergology, Zabrze, Medical University of Silesia, M.C.Skłodowskiej 10, 41-800 Katowice, Poland. alicjag@mp.pl

Abstract

Intra-nasal glucocorticoids are the most effective drugs available for rhinosinusitis and nasal polyposis treatment. Their effectiveness depends on many factors and not all of them have been well recognized so far. The authors present the basic information on molecular mechanisms of glucocorticoid action, direct and indirect effects of glucocorticoids on transcription of genes encoding inflammatory mediators. They focus on recently proved nongenomic mechanisms which appear quickly, from several seconds to minutes after glucocorticoid administration and discuss clinical implications resulting from this knowledge. Discovery of nongenomic glucocorticoid actions allows for better use of these drugs in clinical practice.

PMID:
20628753
PMCID:
PMC3021186
DOI:
10.1007/s00405-010-1330-z
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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