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Parasite Immunol. 2010 Aug;32(8):549-59. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3024.2010.01224.x.

The immunology of human hookworm infections.

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Queensland Tropical Health Alliance, James Cook University, Cairns, QLD, Australia.


Hookworms are one of the most prevalent parasites of humans in developing countries, but we know relatively little about the immune response generated to hookworm infection. This can be attributed to a lack of permissive animal models and a relatively small research community compared with those of the more high-profile parasitic diseases. However, recently, research has emerged on the development of vaccines to control hookworm infection and the use of hookworm to treat autoimmune and allergic disorders, contributing to a greater understanding of the strategies used by hookworms to modulate the host's immune response. A substantial body of research on the immunobiology of hookworms originates from Australia, so this review will summarize the current status of the field with a particular emphasis on research carried out 'down under'.

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