Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur J Nucl Med Mol Imaging. 2010 Nov;37(11):2093-104. doi: 10.1007/s00259-010-1521-2. Epub 2010 Jul 13.

Imaging with radiolabelled anti-membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) antibody: potentials for characterizing atherosclerotic plaques.

Author information

1
Department of Patho-functional Bioanalysis, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan. kuge@ric.hokudai.ac.jp

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Membrane type 1 matrix metalloproteinase (MT1-MMP) activates pro-MMP-2 and pro-MMP-13 to their active forms and plays important roles in the destabilization of atherosclerotic plaques. This study sought to determine the usefulness of (99m)Tc-labelled monoclonal antibody (mAb), recognizing MT1-MMP, for imaging atherosclerosis in a rabbit model (WHHLMI rabbits).

METHODS:

Anti-MT1-MMP monoclonal IgG(3) and negative control IgG(3) were radiolabelled with (99m)Tc after derivatization with 6-hydrazinonicotinic acid (HYNIC) to yield (99m)Tc-MT1-MMP mAb and (99m)Tc-IgG(3), respectively. WHHLMI and control rabbits were injected with these radio-probes. The aorta was removed and radioactivity was measured at 24 h after the injection. Autoradiography and histological studies were performed.

RESULTS:

(99m)Tc-MT1-MMP mAb accumulation in WHHLMI rabbit aortas was 5.4-fold higher than that of control rabbits. Regional (99m)Tc-MT1-MMP mAb accumulation was positively correlated with MT1-MMP expression (r = 0.59, p < 0.0001), while (99m)Tc-IgG(3) accumulation was independent of MT1-MMP expression (r = 0.03, p = NS). The highest (99m)Tc-MT1-MMP mAb accumulation was found in atheromatous lesions (4.8 ± 1.9, %ID×BW/mm(2) × 10(2)), followed in decreasing order by fibroatheromatous (1.8 ± 1.3), collagen-rich (1.6 ± 1.0) and neointimal lesions (1.5 ± 1.5). In contrast, (99m)Tc-IgG(3) accumulation was almost independent of the histological grade of lesions.

CONCLUSION:

Higher (99m)Tc-MT1-MMP mAb accumulation in grade IV atheroma was shown in comparison with neointimal lesions or other more stable lesions. Nuclear imaging with (99m)Tc-MT1-MMP mAb, in combination with CT and MRI, could provide new diagnostic imaging capabilities for detecting vulnerable plaques, although further investigations to improve target to blood ratios are strongly required.

PMID:
20625725
DOI:
10.1007/s00259-010-1521-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Springer
    Loading ...
    Support Center