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Mol Cell Biol. 2010 Sep;30(18):4507-20. doi: 10.1128/MCB.00150-10. Epub 2010 Jul 12.

Differential NDR/LATS interactions with the human MOB family reveal a negative role for human MOB2 in the regulation of human NDR kinases.

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Friedrich Miescher Institute for Biomedical Research, Maulbeerstrasse 66, CH-4058 Basel, Switzerland.


MOB proteins are integral components of signaling pathways controlling important cellular processes, such as mitotic exit, centrosome duplication, apoptosis, and cell proliferation in eukaryotes. The human MOB protein family consists of six distinct members (human MOB1A [hMOB1A], -1B, -2, -3A, -3B, and -3C), with hMOB1A/B the best studied due to their putative tumor-suppressive functions through the regulation of NDR/LATS kinases. The roles of the other MOB proteins are less well defined. Accordingly, we characterized all six human MOB proteins in the context of NDR/LATS binding and their abilities to activate NDR/LATS kinases. hMOB3A/B/C proteins neither bind nor activate any of the four human NDR/LATS kinases. We found that both hMOB2 and hMOB1A bound to the N-terminal region of NDR1. However, our data suggest that the binding modes differ significantly. Our work revealed that hMOB2 competes with hMOB1A for NDR binding. hMOB2, in contrast to hMOB1A/B, is bound to unphosphorylated NDR. Moreover, RNA interference (RNAi) depletion of hMOB2 resulted in increased NDR kinase activity. Consistent with these findings, hMOB2 overexpression interfered with the functional roles of NDR in death receptor signaling and centrosome overduplication. In summary, our data indicate that hMOB2 is a negative regulator of human NDR kinases in biochemical and biological settings.

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