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J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2010 Nov;65(6):671-9. doi: 10.1093/geronb/gbq051. Epub 2010 Jul 12.

A two-factor model of successful aging.

Author information

1
School of Osteopathic Medicine,New Jersey Institute for Successful Aging, University of Medicine & Dentistry of New Jersey, 42 E. Laurel Road, Suite 2300, Stratford, NJ 08084, USA. pruchnra@umdnj.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To propose and test a conceptual two-factor model of successful aging that includes objective and subjective components.

METHODS:

Data were derived from 5,688 persons aged 50-74 years living in New Jersey who participated in the ORANJ BOWL panel. Participants were recruited using random digit dial procedures and interviewed by telephone. A measurement model was developed and tested using data from two independent samples (each n = 1,000); a structural model examining the effects of age and gender was tested using data from another 3,688 people.

RESULTS:

Confirmatory factor analyses provided support for a multidimensional model incorporating objective criteria and subjective perceptions. Age and gender were associated with objective but not subjective success.

DISCUSSION:

Results add rigor to the measurement of a construct that has intrigued philosophers and scientists for hundreds of years, providing the empirical foundation on which to build research about successful aging.

PMID:
20624759
DOI:
10.1093/geronb/gbq051
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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