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Psychol Med. 2010 Nov;40(11):1759-65. doi: 10.1017/S0033291709992261. Epub 2010 Jan 20.

What is a mental/psychiatric disorder? From DSM-IV to DSM-V.

Abstract

The distinction between normality and psychopathology has long been subject to debate. DSM-III and DSM-IV provided a definition of mental disorder to help clinicians address this distinction. As part of the process of developing DSM-V, researchers have reviewed the concept of mental disorder and emphasized the need for additional work in this area. Here we review the DSM-IV definition of mental disorder and propose some changes. The approach taken here arguably takes a middle course through some of the relevant conceptual debates. We agree with the view that no definition perfectly specifies precise boundaries for the concept of mental/psychiatric disorder, but in line with a view that the nomenclature can improve over time, we aim here for a more scientifically valid and more clinically useful definition.

PMID:
20624327
PMCID:
PMC3101504
DOI:
10.1017/S0033291709992261
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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