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NMR Biomed. 2010 Oct;23(8):952-7. doi: 10.1002/nbm.1519.

Measuring the acute effect of insulin infusion on ATP turnover rate in human skeletal muscle using phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance saturation transfer spectroscopy.

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Institute of Cellular Medicine, Newcastle Magnetic Resonance Centre, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK.


Mitochondrial dysfunction has been proposed to underlie the insulin resistance of type 2 diabetes. However, the relative time course of insulin action in stimulating ATP turnover rate and glucose uptake in skeletal muscle has not been examined. These two parameters were measured in young healthy subjects using the (31)P MRS saturation transfer method in conjunction with the euglycaemic hyperinsulinaemic clamp technique respectively. Glucose infusion rate rose rapidly from 0 to 2.90 ± 0.11 mg/kg(ffm)/min during the first 10 min of insulin infusion and further to 6.17 ± 0.57 mg/kg(ffm)/min between 15 and 45 min. In contrast, baseline ATP turnover rate was 9.0 ± 0.4 µmol/g/min of muscle and did not change during the first 45 min of insulin infusion. Between 50 and 80 minutes ATP turnover rate increased by 8% and remained steady to 150 minutes (9.7 ± 0.5 µmol/g/min of muscle, p = 0.03 vs baseline). The in vivo time course of insulin stimulation of skeletal muscle ATP turnover rate is not consistent with a rate limiting effect upon the initiation of insulin-stimulated glycogen synthesis.

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