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Bioorg Med Chem. 2010 Aug 1;18(15):5489-97. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2010.06.057. Epub 2010 Jun 22.

Synthesis and in vivo evaluation of [11C]tariquidar, a positron emission tomography radiotracer based on a third-generation P-glycoprotein inhibitor.

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1
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Vienna, Austria.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to develop a positron emission tomography (PET) tracer based on the dual P-glycoprotein (P-gp) breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP) inhibitor tariquidar (1) to study the interaction of 1 with P-gp and BCRP in the blood-brain barrier (BBB) in vivo. O-Desmethyl-1 was synthesized and reacted with [(11)C]methyl triflate to afford [(11)C]-1. Small-animal PET imaging of [(11)C]-1 was performed in naïve rats, before and after administration of unlabeled 1 (15 mg/kg, n=3) or the dual P-gp/BCRP inhibitor elacridar (5mg/kg, n=2), as well as in wild-type, Mdr1a/b((-/-)), Bcrp1((-/-)) and Mdr1a/b((-/-))Bcrp1((-/-)) mice (n=3). In vitro autoradiography was performed with [(11)C]-1 using brain sections of all four mouse types, with and without co-incubation with unlabeled 1 or elacridar (1 microM). In PET experiments in rats, administration of unlabeled 1 or elacridar increased brain activity uptake by a factor of 3-4, whereas blood activity levels remained unchanged. In Mdr1a/b((-/-)), Bcrp1((-/-)) and Mdr1a/b((-/-))Bcrp1((-/-)) mice, brain-to-blood ratios of activity at 25 min after tracer injection were 3.4, 1.8 and 14.5 times higher, respectively, as compared to wild-type animals. Autoradiography showed approximately 50% less [(11)C]-1 binding in transporter knockout mice compared to wild-type mice and significant displacement by unlabeled elacridar in wild-type and Mdr1a/b((-/-)) mouse brains. Our data suggest that [(11)C]-1 interacts specifically with P-gp and BCRP in the BBB. However, further investigations are needed to assess if [(11)C]-1 behaves in vivo as a transported or a non-transported inhibitor.

PMID:
20621487
PMCID:
PMC3690440
DOI:
10.1016/j.bmc.2010.06.057
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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