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J Environ Radioact. 2010 Nov;101(11):895-901. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2010.06.002.

Verification of radionuclide transfer factors to domestic-animal food products, using indigenous elements and with emphasis on iodine.

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1
ECOMatters Inc., WB Lewis Business Centre, Manitoba, Canada. sheppards@ecomatters.com

Abstract

Recent reviews have established benchmark values for transfer factors that describe radionuclide transfer from plants to animal food product such as milk, eggs and meat. They also illustrate the paucity of data for some elements and some food products. The present study quantified transfer data using indigenous elements measured in dairy, poultry and other livestock farms in Canada. Up to 62 elements are reported, with particular emphasis on iodine (I) because of the need to accurately assess the behaviour of (129)I from disposal of nuclear fuel waste. There was remarkable agreement with the literature values, and for many elements the present study involved many more observations than were previously available. Perhaps the most important observation was that product/substrate concentration ratios (CR) were quite consistent across species, whereas the traditional fractional transfer factors (TF, units of d kg(-1) or d L(-1)) necessarily vary with body mass (feed intake). This suggests that for long-term assessments, it may be advisable to change the models to use CR rather than TF.

PMID:
20621399
DOI:
10.1016/j.jenvrad.2010.06.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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