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J Neurosci Methods. 1991 Jan;36(1):77-84.

Adaptation of the Reitboeck method of multiple microelectrode recording to the neocortex of the waking monkey.

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Philip Bard Laboratories of Neurophysiology, Department of Neuroscience, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205.


We adapted to the neocortex of waking monkeys a method for multiple microelectrode recording devised by Reitboeck. A sliding platform allows micropositioning of 7 electrodes independently, in 2 microns steps. Microelectrodes are quartz glass filaments (80 microns o.d.) with central metal cores (30 microns) of tungsten-platinum alloy. Filaments are drawn in a high temperature chamber, and ground to the desired form and tip size. The microdrive is held over the region to be explored, and the microelectrodes passed through 300 microns o.d. guide tubes fixed in implant thimbles of chosen size an and x - y arrangement of tubes, sealed by an O-ring into a small craniotomy opening. A microprocessor controlled recording system provides gain, noise and wave-shape filtering, impedance testing, and differential amplitude discrimination for each channel. Electrode movement is obtained via the microprocessor which displays and updates on the console terminal the electrode depth, impedance, and the channel assignment of each electrode. A second microprocessor based system is used to collect, buffer, and encode in real time all event data, which are transferred whenever convenient to a minicomputer that controls the experiment. Exploratory recordings were made in the posterior parietal, somatic sensory, and motor cortical areas. The system has now been used successfully in a number of investigations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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