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Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2010 Mar;7(3):1093-104. doi: 10.3390/ijerph7031093. Epub 2010 Mar 15.

Beer and its non-alcoholic compounds: role in pancreatic exocrine secretion, alcoholic pancreatitis and pancreatic carcinoma.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine II, Universitätsmedizin Mannheim, Theodor-Kutzer-Ufer 1-3, Mannheim, Germany. andreas.gerloff@umm.de

Abstract

In this article we provide an overview of the newest data concerning the effect of non-alcoholic constituents of alcoholic beverages, especially of beer, on pancreatic secretion, and their possible role in alcoholic pancreatitis and pancreatic carcinoma. The data indicate that non-alcoholic constituents of beer stimulate pancreatic enzyme secretion in humans and rats, at least in part, by direct action on pancreatic acinar cells. Some non-alcoholic compounds of beer, such as quercetin, resveratrol, ellagic acid or catechins, have been shown to be protective against experimentally induced pancreatitis by inhibiting pancreatic secretion, stellate cell activation or by reducing oxidative stress. Quercetin, ellagic acid and resveratrol also show anti-carcinogenic potential in vitro and in vivo. However, beer contains many more non-alcoholic ingredients. Their relevance in beer-induced functional alterations of pancreatic cells leading to pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer in humans needs to be further evaluated.

KEYWORDS:

beer; non-alcoholic constituents; pancreatic carcinoma; pancreatitis

PMID:
20617020
PMCID:
PMC2872306
DOI:
10.3390/ijerph7031093
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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