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Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2010 Mar;7(3):698-710. doi: 10.3390/ijerph7030698. Epub 2010 Feb 26.

The impact of school tobacco policies on student smoking in Washington State, United States and Victoria, Australia.

Author information

1
Centre for Adolescent Health, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, 2 Gatehouse Street, Parkville, Vic. 3052, Australia. tracy.evanswhipp@mcri.edu.au

Abstract

This paper measures tobacco policies in statewide representative samples of secondary and mixed schools in Victoria, Australia and Washington, US (N = 3,466 students from 285 schools) and tests their association with student smoking. Results from confounder-adjusted random effects (multi-level) regression models revealed that the odds of student perception of peer smoking on school grounds are decreased in schools that have strict enforcement of policy (odds ratio (OR) = 0.45; 95% CI: 0.25 to 0.82; p = 0.009). There was no clear evidence in this study that a comprehensive smoking ban, harsh penalties, remedial penalties, harm minimization policy or abstinence policy impact on any of the smoking outcomes.

KEYWORDS:

schools; tobacco policy; tobacco smoking

PMID:
20616998
PMCID:
PMC2872326
DOI:
10.3390/ijerph7030698
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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